The objective of the service is to “promote engagement of young people in the nation’s life, to value citizenship and reinforce social cohesion”.
During the first mandatory phase, teenagers will live collectively, ‘enabling them to create new relationships and to develop their cultural engagement as well as their role in society’, the government announced.
The second voluntary phase will last at least three months and up to a year. Young French people will be encouraged to serve “in an area linked to defence and security, as well as the environment, heritage preservation or social care,” the French education minister Jean-Michel Blanquer told the press on Wednesday.
National service is expected to be implemented progressively starting in 2019.
Last year we reported that Sweden had announced the reintroduction of compulsory military service, as part of aims to rebuild national defences amid rising tensions in the region.
Defence Minister Peter Hultqvist told a news conference said:
“I hope that we are going to find a path to a more stable, robust and functional means of recruitment.”
The new policy will affect Swedes born after 1999, according to a report by a former member of parliament for the defence ministry. Around 4,000 young Swedes are expected to be called up. The new model will be a lighter version of Sweden’s former conscription system. This time only a few thousand people from each year group will be drafted into compulsory service. People will still, as is the current system, be able to volunteer for military service.