Aircraft carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth and her Carrier Strike Group have entered the South China Sea for the second time, despite Chinese warnings.

This is the second time the British carrier strike group has entered the disputed region.

China previously issued a warning to the UK’s Carrier Strike Group not to carry out any “improper acts” as it entered the South China Sea for the first time earlier this year. The pro-government Global Times, which is seen as a mouthpiece for the ruling Chinese Communist Party, said:

“The People’s Liberation Army Navy is at a high state of combat readiness China has been closely monitoring the progress of the Carrier Strike Group, which is currently sailing through the South China Sea en route to Japan. It has also accused Britain of “still living in its colonial days.”

China claims almost all of the 1.3 million-square-mile South China Sea as its sovereign territory, and it has denounced the presence of foreign warships there as the root of tensions in the region.

HMS Queen Elizabeth and her Carrier Strike Group.

China say that its claim to the sea is based both on the Law of the Sea Convention and its so-called ‘nine-dash’ line. This line extends for 2,000 kilometers from the Chinese mainland, encompassing over half of the sea. However in an historic decision in 2016, the international tribunal in The Hague ruled against part of China’s claims to the sea.

The US, UK and Australia routinely conduct freedom of navigation operations (or FONOPs) to challenge what Washington calls “attempts by coastal states to unlawfully restrict access to the seas”.

Territorial claims in the South China Sea

Both the US and UK have angered China previously by carrying out ‘Freedom of Navigation Patrols’ in the South China Sea to assert rights to freedom of navigation. For more on why the Carrier Group is in the disputed region, follow the link below.

Why was a British carrier group in the South China Sea?

Chinese defence spokesman Tan Kefei was quoted in the South China Morning Post as saying:

“The Chinese side believes that the South China Sea should not become a sea of great power rivalry dominated by weapons and warships. The real source of militarisation in the South China Sea comes from countries outside this region sending their warships thousands of kilometres from home to flex muscles. The Chinese military will take necessary measures to safeguard its sovereignty, security and development interest as well as peace and stability in the South China Sea.”

HMS Queen Elizabeth sailing with her Carrier Strike Group.

Back at the start of the month, Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab told MPs that “It’s absolutely right we exercise and defend the rights, and we do so from the Ukrainian territorial sea to the South China Sea” after discussions on a British warship sailing through Ukrainian territory claimed by Russia.

What happened last time a British vessel sailed through the South China Sea?

HMS Albion has previously sailed through the South China Sea.

In 2018, assault ship HMS Albion was challenged by a Chinese frigate and two helicopters during freedom of navigation exercise in the South China Sea. Local media report that both sides remained calm during the encounter and the Royal Navy assault ship continued on course despite protests from China.

What is the UK Carrier Strike Group doing?

HMS Queen Elizabeth is the deployed flag ship for Carrier Strike Group 21 (CSG21), a deployment that will see the ship and her escorts sail to the Asia-Pacific and back. The Carrier Strike Group includes ships from the United States Navy, the Dutch Navy, and Marines from the US Marine Corps as well as air assets from 617 Sqn, 820 NAS, 815 NAS and 845 NAS.

The Royal Navy say that the UK’s Carrier Strike Group will visit more than one fifth of the world’s nations. Led by HMS Queen Elizabeth, the task group will visit 40 nations including India, Japan, Republic of Korea and Singapore in a deployment covering 26,000 nautical miles.

“While in the Pacific, ships from the Carrier Strike Group will mark the 50th anniversary of the Five Powers Defence Agreement between Malaysia, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand and the UK by taking part in Exercise Bersama Lima. Joining HMS Queen Elizabeth on her maiden deployment are destroyers HMS Diamond and Defender; frigates HMS Richmond and Kent; an Astute-class submarine in support below the waves; and Royal Fleet Auxiliary support ships RFA Fort Victoria and RFA Tidespring.

More than 30 aircraft will also embark across the task group including F-35 jets from 617 Squadron, the Dambusters, and the US Marine Corps’ VMFA-211; Wildcat helicopters from 815 Naval Air Squadron and Merlin helicopters from 820 and 845 Naval Air Squadrons. Royal Marines from 42 Commando will also deploy with the carrier. Dutch frigate HNLMS Evertsen and American Arleigh Burke destroyer USS The Sullivans are also part of the strike group.”

HMS Queen Elizabeth at sea with a mix of British and American jets.

For analysis on the rationale behind entering the South China Sea, followthe link below.

Right versus might in the South China Sea

 

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Jack
Jack
8 days ago

Can China afford to maintain their massive navy? I know they have loads of money at the moment, but they seem to be hurting their economy by making decisions such as banning gaming etc.

I have no idea how much it costs to maintain a Frigate or Destroyer over the course of it’s life, but I imagine it’s not cheap, and if China’s economy starts to slow down too much, they might decide to use their ships while they can still afford to.

Nigel Collins
Nigel Collins
8 days ago
Reply to  Jack

I posted this on another thread recently to give you some idea of what their current defence spending plans will be over this coming decade.

“According to Janes forecasts, China’s defence budget will grow by about 65% – from approximately USD258 billion to USD426 billion – between 2021 and 2030.”
https://www.janes.com/defence-news/defence/latest/airshow-china-2021

Nigel Collins
Nigel Collins
8 days ago
Reply to  Nigel Collins

This will give you a better picture of what we can expect with between six and ten carriers planned for the future.

The one currently under construction will be their biggest yet measuring about 320 meters.

“China’s naval modernization effort encompasses a wide array of ship, aircraft, and weapon acquisition programs, as well as improvements in maintenance and logistics, doctrine, personnel quality, education and training, and exercises. China’s navy has currently had certain limitations and weaknesses, and is working to overcome them.”

https://news.usni.org/2021/09/14/report-to-congress-on-chinese-naval-modernization-11

Last edited 8 days ago by Nigel Collins
Nigel Collins
Nigel Collins
8 days ago
Reply to  Nigel Collins

Lots going on with up to 500 Chengdu J-20 fighters to be built as well to counter the F-35.

It’s always good to keep an eye on what the opposition is up to!

Update: Airshow China 2021: Chinese air force unveils EW variant of J-16 multirole fighter aircraft

https://www.janes.com/defence-news/defence/latest/update-airshow-china-2021-chinese-air-force-unveils-ew-variant-of-j-16-multirole-fighter-aircraft

Last edited 8 days ago by Nigel Collins
Jack
Jack
8 days ago
Reply to  Nigel Collins

Thanks for all the info.

I had no idea their defence budget is expected to rise by so much. I thought it was high enough as it is.

I bet a lot of countries in the South China sea are getting a bit worried.

Nigel Collins
Nigel Collins
8 days ago
Reply to  Jack

I think their rate of expansion and technological improvements across the board should worry everyone!

What also concerns me are the wargames involving Russia.
No doubt they are taking note of the west’s approach with the possibility of joining forces at some point in the future?

Hopefully, nothing more will come of it.

https://www.skynews.com.au/world-news/china/more-than-10000-russian-and-chinese-troops-to-partake-in-attack-and-elimination-wargames/news-story/3c6b8f3954b9220b2954d55d98f73c47

Last edited 8 days ago by Nigel Collins
Meirion x
Meirion x
8 days ago
Reply to  Nigel Collins

I think you are forgetting that China has a domograhic timebomb Nigel. China had a very high birth rate in the mid 1960’s to mid 70s, of whom are now facing retirement over the next 10 years, and low birth rates over the past 20 years, young labour force not enough to replace those retirements and will be at a loss to the economy. The one child policy came in early 1980’s, still high’is then.

Last edited 8 days ago by Meirion x
Pete
Pete
8 days ago
Reply to  Meirion x

The one child policy only really applied to the han ethnic group China still has / had a growing population. Biggest challenge is the increasing expectation of continuing wealth for the Middle and wealthier sections of society and keeping the Party relevant. Plenty house of cards enterprises that could come tumbling down very quickly due to bogus accounting through the growth periods.

Frank62
Frank62
8 days ago
Reply to  Jack

China’s neighbours woke up to her military expansion long ago & there’s a full-on arms race to match her. We’re the ones coming late to the party.

Graham Moore
Graham Moore
8 days ago
Reply to  Frank62

I foresee that most of our future CSG deployments will also be in China’s ‘neck of the woods’.

DaveyB
DaveyB
8 days ago
Reply to  Graham Moore

Well they’ve announced that Prince of Wales will be going to Australia in the next two years. So I guess you’re right.

Klonkie
Klonkie
8 days ago
Reply to  Jack

Personally I doubt the Chinese increases will up by by two thirds in 9 years. Good old economic forces are starting to come into play . I foresee significant price increases in the cost of labour in China, plus there are real indicators their economy is facing internal trouble, particularly inflationary pressures.

I think much of their defence spend increases will be to keep pace with inflation.

Andy Reeves
Andy Reeves
4 days ago
Reply to  Jack

brown trousers time!

john clark
john clark
8 days ago
Reply to  Nigel Collins

It’s interesting and we can see why the Australians are taking China seriously….

I would think the Vietnamese are increasingly nervous about their expansionist neighbour.

Though it’s a concern, China does have a sensible stable leadership and takes measured (if aggressive) actions, but these things can shift on a dime.

A change of Chinese leadership to a more Hawkish regime, would make the situation in the Far East considerably more unstable and volatile overnight…

Nigel Collins
Nigel Collins
3 days ago
Reply to  john clark

This is a documentary worth watching and paints a very clear picture of the threat posed by China.

Sept 2021
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kA2KaEKs1LA

Andy Reeves
Andy Reeves
4 days ago
Reply to  Nigel Collins

65%? that is a scary plan. pity the u.k can’t match it. if we found the £’s for two supercarriers we could do it again right across the board. to benifit all of our servvices

Paul T
Paul T
8 days ago
Reply to  Jack

When their Economy has a Budget Surplus that could wipe out our National Debt in one stroke I don’t think they will lose much sleep over Funding for their Navy.

David Steeper
David Steeper
8 days ago
Reply to  Paul T

According to their stats. The level of indebtedness of their ‘private’ corporations looks very like our 2008 crash. Theirs lots going on in Chinas economy and very little of it is reassuring from a Chinese perspective.

Graham Moore
Graham Moore
8 days ago
Reply to  Jack

Last time I heard China was heading towards superpower status largely on the back of its economy which might overtake the US economy in a few years time. So she must have the money to buy all this kit, unlike the Soviet Union which had a weak economy all along.
I don’t think that restricting some teenage gamers will really hit their economy too much.

Jason M Holmes
Jason M Holmes
8 days ago
Reply to  Graham Moore

Anytime you pick something to buy, see where it’s made, very hard on amazon at times as I’ve fell foul to iffy advertising there. But 90% of Chinese exports is garbage, flooding the market with poor quality steel is a good example, all these covid testing kits are mostly from China…sigh

JohninMK
JohninMK
8 days ago
Reply to  Jason M Holmes

The Chinese are past masters at building to contract. Order low quality or don’t check from them and that’s exactly what you’ll get. On the other hand, their TV (LG), computers (Lenovo) and phones (Apple) are among the best. So perhaps blaming the Chinese isn’t the answer. If an item is low cost there is a reason!

Pete
Pete
8 days ago
Reply to  JohninMK

Spot on. They operate a multi tier system of steel mills. Top quality down-to exclusively domestic low end the top end mills are sound as you say..it’s how you specify and manage them.

P

TP
TP
8 days ago
Reply to  JohninMK

IBM Thinkpad (sold to Lenovo) used to be the best business class laptop, but now the gaps between them are nearly inexistent. Laptops like HP ProBook/EliteBook, Acer Travelmate and
Fujitsu Lifebook, Panasonic Toughbook are better replacement for Lenovo Thinkpad series.

JohninMK
JohninMK
7 days ago
Reply to  TP

Indeed, I just picked Lenovo as I have an old Thinkpad. Pretty sure all the others you list are Chinese made or have Chinese motherboards.

Graham Moore
Graham Moore
8 days ago
Reply to  Jason M Holmes

We in the West will still buy cheap stuff from China, except perhaps cars. Quality British products are unaffordable for many on less than the average salary.
Its ironic that China gave us Covid then made a packet selling us test kits.

JohninMK
JohninMK
7 days ago
Reply to  Graham Moore

And especially masks, 100s of millions of them.

Steve
Steve
7 days ago
Reply to  Jack

Big difference between china and the west is debt and long term planning. China has managed to capitalise heavily on western / African need for finance and build up a long term strategy, which should in theory keep china economy balanced for decades to come. A bit like norway and their oil fund. The west however is in huge debt and small shakes have massive impacts on the barely balanced public finance. Just repaying the interest on the national debt takes up a large chunk of the tax revenue for the UK/US. Saying that china has a pending potential massive… Read more »

Johan
Johan
7 days ago
Reply to  Jack

Very much like the USN and the USA, you can produce and produce bigger better ships, but there comes a time when those ships need repairs and maintenance. Chinas biggest weakness is coal, doesn’t have its own sustainable supply, so would need to stockpile huge reserves, currently, companies moving manufactory away from china.

Andy Reeves
Andy Reeves
4 days ago
Reply to  Jack

ot was largely the wests ability to outspend and increase its technology advantage was something the western block couldn’t keep up with. china could well face the same situation if things like trade embargos were placed on them could rresult in the same thing. china needs the sea as much as anyone to maintain its economy the u.kcsg ignoring petty childish name calling is exactly the right thing to do.

John N
John N
8 days ago

With China behaving like bullies and thugs in the Asia-Pacific region, it’s a pretty good reason why the Oz Government has made the decision to go nuclear with the RAN submarine fleet.

And to also procure long rage strike weapons for the ADF such as Tomahawk, JASSM-ER and LRASM, and eventually hypersonic weapons too.

China’s behaviour is pushing everyone else closer together, forming stronger alliances too.

Cheers,

Spyinthesky
Spyinthesky
8 days ago
Reply to  John N

It really has no choice. In the end even advanced diesel subs will be little more than a last line of defence for Australia. However should that happen then Australia would be lost and their actions purely a delay to the inevitable. Their only true defence and independence is to become a full working partner to a greater defensive pact(s) and in particular with US, Japan and even India. As such their defence will rely on being part of their efforts well away from Australian shores for the most part to ensure that allied presence in the Pacific is not… Read more »

Nigel Collins
Nigel Collins
3 days ago
Reply to  John N

I posted a link above that looks at the problem from an Australian perspective on Daniele’s thread. Worth watching!

China’s President Xi Jinping has said that “reunification” with Taiwan “must be fulfilled”, as heightened tensions over the island continue.

“The historical task of the complete reunification of the motherland must be fulfilled, and will definitely be fulfilled,” he said.”

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-58854081

Last edited 3 days ago by Nigel Collins
Mark B
Mark B
8 days ago

Any perceived agression by China will over time result in the populations of western counties taking a closer look at the money they are pushing in the direction of China. Governments may well also look at their reliance on China for key goods. Is this really what China wants?

Spyinthesky
Spyinthesky
8 days ago
Reply to  Mark B

I hope so but will it? It’s so well integrated now. Most scary is the approaching launch of numerous electric car brands building up their launches into Europe and the US. The perception of shabby ness will likely soon be overcome considering we all know that out phones and electronics are already built there. I fear even the often mythical and much overblown regard for German technology in cars will be put under much stress as time goes on. I fear whatever Govts do now it may well be a tide to late to turn back in terms of Chinese… Read more »

Reaper
Reaper
8 days ago

Do the Large British Gurkha garrison in Brunei have and water craft, boats ect?

Chris
Chris
8 days ago
Reply to  Reaper

I don’t think so, it’s a jungle garrison.

It would make a good location for a port. Won’t fit QE/PoW though.

Last edited 8 days ago by Chris
Frank62
Frank62
8 days ago

What raises tensions is the PRC outrageously trying to annex virtually the entire SCS, building island military bases on atols(Trashing the enviroment of these) others have better claims to & trying to bully the rest of the world to comply.
They are the true “improper acts”

Let’s hope it’s not the start of a move to deny the ROtW transit to the far east, as we all have trade with Taiwan, Japan, S Korea, the Phillipnes etc. Nor to try to isolate even further Taiwan prior to attempting taking it.

Jacko
Jacko
8 days ago

So where is the PLAN?
when western ships go into the Black Sea the Russians are always there or about! Here we are for the second time in the SCS and despite lots of shouting no PLAN.

Chris
Chris
8 days ago
Reply to  Jacko

PLAN subs are louder than a Chelsea football game and planes aren’t stealthy or reliable. According to the USN, their MO is hiding behind firebrand newspaper articles in the global times as you sail past.

RN will have good intel after this deployment.

Gunbuster
Gunbuster
7 days ago
Reply to  Chris

Glad you didn’t say a Man City game…At the Emptihad its pretty quiet!
😂

Popeye
Popeye
6 days ago
Reply to  Chris

Any truth in that rumour from years ago that during a NATO exercise in the Atlantic a Chinese sub got right in the middle of it before being discovered and then forced to withdraw ?

Armchair Admiral
Armchair Admiral
8 days ago

Do we have two T45 in the task group once more?

David Steeper
David Steeper
8 days ago

No Diamond on exercise with RAN.

Gunbuster
Gunbuster
7 days ago

Sort of yes… In a TG you don’t all sail around together all of the time. You do multinational exercises together then bomb burst all over the place to do individual visits and defence engagement. You can be a good couple of days sailing away from everyone else so well over 500-1000 miles separation. You then rejoin together for more exercises as required. On my final Far East deployment Taurus 09 we had ships at various times in places such as Kota, Singers, Penang, Phuket, Visakhapatnam, Brunei. In 97 on Ocean Wave which I also did the spread was even… Read more »

expat
expat
8 days ago

I was reading China has studied the Falklands conflict in detail to learn lessons from it ref a Taiwan invasion. They sight Argentine failings in things like not having domestic defense industry which allow key weapons supply to be cut off and not recognising how vulnerable British supply lines were.

https://www.businessinsider.com/china-learns-lessons-about-seizing-taiwan-from-the-falklands-war-2021-4?r=US&IR=T

Chris
Chris
8 days ago
Reply to  expat

Everyone studies the Falklands. Its one of the only naval/amphibious wars in modern history. The Americans still Q&A the RN about it.

Supportive Bloke
Supportive Bloke
8 days ago
Reply to  expat

Realistically Argentina could never have had a domestic arms industry to produce Sea Dart and Exocet or the control radars. The biggest mistake was selling a fully functional T42 to Argentina and then letting them license build another one so they knew exactly the limitations of the systems and how to get round them. IRL what was Argentina going to do about supply line? If they started messing around with surface fleet anywhere near Ascension they would antagonise the Americans who were also based there and they would then put themselves in range of a well equipped military airport where… Read more »

Gunbuster
Gunbuster
7 days ago
Reply to  expat

So the lesson leaned will be
1.That its bloody difficult to find an offensive Carrier Group that doesn’t want to be found on the ocean blue.
2.Nuclear Subs are king when it comes to killing surface ships
3.If you put your vessels within range of shore based air and missiles they are going to get hit.
4.Damage control lets you fight on despite damage.
5.Leadership and the manpower you have make the difference.

JohnH
JohnH
8 days ago

Perhaps the UK should require the return of Hong Kong due to breach of the terms of the transfer of the colony by China, that would put a nice pocket of UK sovereign water right in the SCS…After all, the leased territory that was returned was the New Territories, on the mainland. The rest of Hong Kong was ceded to the UK in perpetuity from what I have read…

Gunbuster
Gunbuster
7 days ago
Reply to  JohnH

It was…I was based their April 93 – Aug 96 with the family and went back on a ship in 97 for the handover. We where one of trhe vessels that got a visit before the handover. Some of the HK LEP’s had already gone to Canada and Aus by then but a few I knew stayed on. South of Boundary Street in Kowloon and the island of HK did not need to go back . Problem was that the power stations and water reservoirs where all in the territories. It was an unsustainable outpost without the territories.

JohnH
JohnH
5 days ago
Reply to  Gunbuster

Yeah I can see your position, though I think that better planning could have provided for desalination plants & power stations to maintain independence, as Lusty says below, what were they thinking of demanding a 99 year lease when a 999 year lease would have been just as easy to obtain…
Also, is communist china legally the successors of Qing China? Effectively yes, I suppose, but the Kuomintang were the successors of Qing China before being confined to Taiwan and effectively still exist or their successors on Taiwan do. Interesting legally, but likely not enforceable in reality.🙂

Lusty
Lusty
7 days ago
Reply to  JohnH

That’s true. Only the New Territories fell under the famous ’99 year lease’. The rest of Hong Kong was ceded in perpetuity. One could argue that there are similarities in that regard between Hong Kong and Gibraltar, although Gibraltar hasn’t expanded through the direct acquisition of new territories from Spain.

They should have made it a 999-year lease back in the day.😅

James
James
8 days ago

Meanwhile the French made fun of HMS Richmond small size in Vietnam compared to the French warship there 😃

Why does HMS Queen Elizabeth not cross the taiwan straits? Rather sending a frigate and send a strong message to China ?

Lusty
Lusty
8 days ago
Reply to  James

“I fart in your general direction! Your mother was a hamster and your father smelt of elderberries!”

GlynH
GlynH
8 days ago
Reply to  Lusty

“Now go away or I shall taunt you second time :)”

Andrew D
Andrew D
8 days ago
Reply to  James

At the end of the day there not sure how far China well go with threats .But if CSG does not sail Taiwan straits it’s not really standing up to the bad bear.🤔

David S
David S
8 days ago

Royal Navy – ignoring warnings since 1588!

Jay R
Jay R
8 days ago
Reply to  David S

True. And in 1982 they had no (airborne early) warning. Costing precious lives, due to short sighted politicians featuring thier own nests. Yet RN prevailed and won the war.

Has the UK govt learned from that lesson? Or is the RN forced to make do again with their pitiful amount of F35Bs and the compromise that is Crownset?

DaveyB
DaveyB
8 days ago
Reply to  Jay R

There has been no public ally released information on how the three Crowsnest Marlins have been doing on this trip. Unlike the F35s where there’s been loads of “air time”! No news is said to be good news, but in this case I’m not sure?

Frank62
Frank62
8 days ago
Reply to  DaveyB

Isn’t the Crowsnest deployed not the fully developed version as we hadn’t quite finished developing it before the CSG sailed? So after 40 years we only just caught the boat as it where.

Gunbuster
Gunbuster
7 days ago
Reply to  Frank62

Loads of stuff goes to sea without being fully accepted into service. You have specific paperwork listing limitations and known issues with the systems (CCUs- Certificates of Clearance for Use) that the Operators and Weapons Engineers have access to. Some kit, that has been in service for decades, never gets to full acceptance. It doesnt mean it doesn’t work or that it doesn’t do its job…its just never reached final acceptance because of some minor very rarely seen issues with performance under certain specific conditions and so it doesn’t meet the contractual acceptance requirement. I have worked on and relied… Read more »

david
david
7 days ago
Reply to  DaveyB

Maybe we get the future EV-22. Seems we lack the over the horizon coverage; I wonder how far the lobe is penetrated for a Merlin at 15,000ft?

DaveyB
DaveyB
7 days ago
Reply to  david

Do you mean how far the beam is transmitted or its effective detection range?

david
david
7 days ago
Reply to  DaveyB

What physical distance from the Merlin can they see to sea level as the lobe is the blind spot to the ship due to earth curvature. I was trying to sound more knowledgeable than I actually am and is a result of me being friends with an ex RAF radar expert. Me being civil aircraft maintenance; I am intersted in such things.

Steve M
Steve M
7 days ago
Reply to  david

According with WIKI TARS (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tethered_Aerostat_Radar_System) has range of 200Miles and is stable in winds upto 65Kts, why not fit out a POINT class? Ships usually cruise below 20kts and tend to avoid sailing through 45kt gales where they can? they could pull it down into hold in really bad weather. Otherwise would have good radar coverage, hell you could put load of VLS on it for Sea Ceptor (self defence) & Aster 30/RIM-174 for task group AAW arsenal controlled by the t-45. backed up by Crowsnest.

DaveyB
DaveyB
7 days ago
Reply to  david

As your friend may know, a radar’s detection range is determined by a number of factors. One of these is the base operating frequency. Depending on the frequency, you have atmospheric conditions to take into account. The low frequency radars are less affected by atmospheric attenuation, therefore for the same transmitter output power they can transmit further than a higher frequency radar. Also HF/VHF/UHF and some of the lower L band can you the ground wave phenomenon. Which allows the beam to see past the horizon. Though you can’t really use this for fixing a target’s specific location/altitude. Crowsnest uses… Read more »

David
David
7 days ago
Reply to  DaveyB

Thank you for the clear reply! 150 miles seems impressive. So the only real advantage of an EV-22 at 24,000 ft is its detection range due to its altitude? If so, maybe its not worth the extra cost.

DaveyB
DaveyB
7 days ago
Reply to  David

Height/altitude does have a significant advantage, so long as the radar has good look down and anti-clutter performance. This is partially due to the nature of radars when looking down at choppy seas. Higher frequency radars, due to their shorter wavelength and possibly narrower beam angle (depending on antenna design) generate less spurious (ghosting) returns off waves. But perhaps more importantly is the additional time height can give you. It takes time to classify a threat from a number of unknowns that have been detected. The more time you have the easier it is to make a judgement, but also… Read more »

Johan
Johan
7 days ago

improper ACT like releasing a global Virus, dam they will shut down my phone.

Andy Reeves
Andy Reeves
4 days ago

every opportunity to reinforce the fact that neither the u.k or ANY other nation plying the seas will not be intimidated by a nation of bullies and sabre rattlers should be taken to reinforce the resolve of the free world not to bow to this rogue nation