Naval forces from Standing NATO Maritime Group One (SNMG1) have started Exercise Dynamic Mongoose.
DYMON 2019 is designed to enhance anti-submarine warfare (ASW) integration among NATO navies by executing challenging training exercises with 6 surface ships, 9 maritime patrol aircraft and 8 helicopters training with 4 Allied submarines in the North Atlantic.
“Exercises like Dynamic Mongoose give NATO Allies an opportunity to train in a very challenging deep water/continental slope environment and a surface environment where seas can build from five feet to 25 or even 30 feet in the matter of a couple days,” said Chief Operations Specialist Juan Gutierrez, SNGM 1 Staff Chief of Operations, in a news release.
“This is not only unique for the creation of the exercise but challenging for the navies due to the unpredictable circumstances.”
Finding the submarine requires the ships and aircraft to work together in a coordinated search to ensure the submarine doesn’t slip through.
Ships have both active and passive sonar, as well as radar and visual sensors to detect submarines.
Helicopters are also equipped with radar and visual detection systems and may be equipped with active and passive sonobuoys or use a sonar suspended under the helicopter and into the water to detect a submarine.
Maritime patrol aircraft also possess sensitive radars to detect submarine periscopes as all as sonobuoys to create large networks of sensors in the water.
Countries participating in DYMON 2019 are Canada, France, Germany, UK, Norway, Portugal, US, Turkey, and Denmark.
SNMG1 is one of four standing maritime task groups composed of ships from various Allied countries. These task groups form the core maritime capability of NATO’s Very High Readiness Joint Task Force (VJTF).