Confirmation has been given on when the orders for new Type 31e Frigates and the Fleet solid Support Ships will be ordered.

Kevan Jones, MP for North Durham asked:

“To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what his Department’s latest timetables are for the orders of (a) Type 31e (first batch), and (b) Fleet Solid Support vessels.”

Stuart Andrew Assistant Whip and Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Defence answered:

“We plan to award a contract for Type 31e by the latter half of 2019 and for the Fleet Solid Support ships in 2020.”

Most expected this to be by December but some analysts think it could be as early as August.

An MoD spokesperson said that a prior information notice has been issued to industry and a new contract notice has been issued.

“We have issued a Prior Information Notice for our new Type 31e fleet and plan to start discussions with industry next week to ensure we do not lose any momentum. There have been no changes in our plans to procure a first batch of five new Type 31e frigates to grow our Royal Navy. We still want the first ship delivered by 2023 and are confident that industry will meet the challenge of providing them for the price tag we’ve set.”

According to USNI here, an article published recently by Jane’s stated that at least two of the potential bidders had earlier regarded the terms and conditions set by the MoD as unworkable, citing both commercial aspects and intellectual property rights.

“Even if the MoD achieves its stated intention of ‘delivering’ the Type 31e lead ship in 2023, the subsequent sea trials, crew training and work-up could see entry into operational service slipping a year or two.”

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Daniele Mandelli
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Daniele Mandelli

Good o.

I want 10 of these. With an uplift in RN to crew them.

Sea Sceptre
An ASM.
Main Gun.
Wildcat.
Some form of ASW capability.

Too much to ask?

captain P Wash.
Guest
captain P Wash.

Hello Daniele, I think for 250 million per ship , we can expect at least one of those, or maybe just one. Then again, we might just get a basic hull with a “Built For but not with” option . Call me a Sceptic.

Geoffrey Roach
Guest
Geoffrey Roach

Your a sceptic.

Paul
Guest
Paul

Surely a main gun and Wildcat at least.

JohnG
Guest

there was a schematic somewhere of items the ship must have and items that would be nice to have. I’m sure a main gun was a must have and I’m sure they were having some sort of flexible mission bay, which surely could be used for a helicopter, assuming we have enough, but that’s another story…

Callum
Guest
Callum

https://www.savetheroyalnavy.org/royal-navy-issues-outline-specification-for-the-type-31-frigate-to-industry/ Quick summary, the absolute MINIMUM (far from desirable of course) spec would be: -76mm and 30mm guns -CIWS with space for Sea Ceptor to be fitted later -full EW and decoy suite -FD and hangar for Wildcat -provision for hull mounted sonar In this form, T31 would only really be serviceable for anti piracy ops in hostile waters and acting as a radar picket and force multiplier, with no effective means of participating in ASW, AAW, ASuW, or land attack missions. I do stress though, that this is the bare minimum the spec allows for and it is highly… Read more »

Julian
Guest
Julian

For an AAW missile such as Sea Ceptor, were it to be added or have FFBNW space allocated, is there a minimum sensible number to give a vessel a credible self defence capability at the next step up from last-ditch CIWS? The renders of the Khareef-derived Leander that I’ve seen seem to show a 12 tube “mushroom farm” silo just behind the main gun. Maybe that’s simply a case of the artist re-using some existing CGI elements but to me, for something that is supposed to be a real frigate, if it really was maximum 12 on a design that… Read more »

Paul.P
Guest
Paul.P

Don’t know whether this is still valid but page 24 says main gun > or = 57mm.

https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/645149/T31e_RFI.pdf

What’s the betting that Type 31 for the RN uses the 4.5in while the export Type 31e versions have 57mm or 76mm.

David Steeper
Guest

Callum. You think it needs Sea Ceptor and a sonar to take on ‘pirates in hostile waters’ Who on earth are these pirates with combat aircraft and subs ?

Callum
Guest
Callum

Julian, I agree, 12 short range missiles isn’t enough. My personal figure for a sustainable combat load would be 32, but at least 24 would be preferable. In regards to Leander, remember it’s also portrayed with an 8-cell Mk41. Using half of that for AAW would add another 16 Sea Ceptor for a total of 28, a much more attractive number. It is just a product render though, the equipment actually in the picture is subject to change David Steeper, I think you’re misreading what I previously wrote. In its minimum form, the T31 would NOT have Sea Ceptor or… Read more »

Stephen
Guest
Stephen

The helicopter will be its main weapon I think.

Andy bowels
Guest

Main gun on the bum end wildcat on the sharp end probably

Levi Goldsteinberg
Guest
Levi Goldsteinberg

I have a sneaking suspicion that the commonwealth ruled change will patch holes in our recruitment shortfalls, and good thing too. Great plan in my eyes

Service guarantees citizenship. Would you like to know more?

SAJG
Guest
SAJG

I see what you did there…

Julian
Guest
Julian

🙂 …. The only good bug is a dead bug. As someone who hates spiders & cockroaches I tend to agree with that sentiment. I hope you’re right on the recruitment issue. If we want to have any chance of recruiting any reasonable numbers from the richer countries though, Australian, Canada, NZ, I’d have thought that we’d need to make sure that our pay and conditions were at least reasonable vs their home forces equivalents which would probably be another positive from the initiative. I wonder whether they’ve gone and spoken in detail to the appropriate NHS people. Over the… Read more »

Stephen
Guest
Stephen

I agree Levi, as White British men over 20% of our country being Non White British is just simply not enough for us, “more we say!”. Terrorist attacks in our country? “So what, keep letting more in we say!”. Thousands upon thousands of our little girls being raped by Asians in our own country? “Who cares, we are absolutely determined to keep letting more in!”.

This is what some of you guys are like.

Steve
Guest
Steve

And exactly how many Fijian, South African or Jamaican terrorist incidents have there been, exactly?

Mr Bell
Guest
Mr Bell

Excellent….a starship troopers qoute. I never thought I would see one of those on UKDJ.
Made my day. Love that film

JohnG
Guest

Yes I think 10 is too much to ask for :(, sadly. I ‘d be very happy if we got 6. But I’m pretty sure it will be five now and I believe they will get around not having a 6th with various forward deployment options instead.

Stephen
Guest
Stephen

I think we will get a second batch of 3 for a total of 8 (and I think we will get exports too).

andy reeves
Guest
andy reeves

ciws?

andy reeves
Guest
andy reeves

the size of the crew will be interesting

John Clark
Guest
John Clark

“A Ministry of Defence spokesman earlier hinted that industry will have to refine their bids to meet the price tag”.

Let’s hope the T31 isn’t hamstrung by lack of funds..

Arrowhead is an absolute clear winner to me, the Leander seems to small and cost compromised.

Common sense calls for a 5,000 ton base design, better at handling rough seas, room for embarked RN’s, greater role flexibility and more space for future upgrades.

T.S
Guest

That design has gone, back to the 120m

Dan
Guest
Dan

@T.S. Babcock haas gone back to the Arrowhead 120? Do you know that for certain?

T.S
Guest

Take a look on their website. They are advertising Arrowhead 120 and in a way that looks like they have given up. I think they have ditched the 140 because they can’t meet the price mark. Shame.

Daniel
Guest
Daniel

As I posted on another article, I spoke to a Babcock representative just a couple of weeks ago and he was still very much pushing the Arrowhead 140. He even referred to it as “his baby”.

captain P Wash.
Guest
captain P Wash.

John, We have been through the whole process and Arrowhead Is a clear Winner but for one tiny problem, It’s the Best Option but It costs more than 250 million which was and still is, the Specified Target. Heck, take a look at the latest Chinese and Russian offerings and take a look at the River Class 2000 toners , Compare the Price and Compare the Armaments, Different Ships, Different Countries, but hell are we behind when It comes to offensive Capability. There Is a Huge Gulf between Us and no one In Government seems to be Seeing It. Over… Read more »

Anthony D
Guest
Anthony D

Plus the radar and combat system wouldn’t be common…

I think the RN knows it has more chance of adding weapons later if international relations deteriorate than regenerating hulls and crew.

Steve
Guest
Steve

The best bet to have a decent T31 frigate for something at least approaching the £250million price tag is to make it something with a lot of export potential. If we could secure orders of up to half a dozen each to Australia and Canada that would help bring the price down. And Norway maybe? They could be looking for a replacement for their ruined frigate. The more we can build and sell the cheaper they’ll be. Perhaps with designed for but not with options. Like buying a car; basic model is £250million but if you want all the bells… Read more »

Pacman27
Guest
Pacman27

They will of course have wildcats as that has nothing to do with this contract. We rotate our stock from ship to ship. The will also have seaceptor and a main gun , I would prefer the 76mm Otto personally as it offers a lot of flexibility both in a constabulary and outer ring escort. It will not get ASW capability – although a Compact Captas4 towed array is the smart move – HMG is not smart (see todays news for further evidence of this). ASM is difficult as clearly the RN is generally under armed and in my view… Read more »

Glass Half Full
Guest
Glass Half Full

T31 probably will not get ASW out the gate at the target price point but I would like to see some attempt to quieten the hull, rather than ignore it entirely, along with a planned for option to use container based Captas 1 or 2, presuming at significantly lower cost vs. Captas 4. This might then be combined with implementing Compact Flash dipping sonar on Wildcat assuming it is practical in UK builds; South Korea already does this on their Wildcat. This ASW capability would be useful both in escort roles as well as defense of increasingly strategic and ever… Read more »

Shades
Guest
Shades

I’m pretty sure it’s more likely to get an active hull mounted sonar for cluttered/littoral ASW than quietening/tail

Cam Hunter
Guest
Cam Hunter

Weren’t we told that less type 26 frigates would mean more type31 frigates??, I’m sure that was one of the reasons…. We should have 8 type 31s and 8 type 26s minimum…. After cutting our frigate force so much we should have 16 again atleast! We did have 16 type 23s before we sold 3 to chile!. And the 22s sold also!… We need to build 8 31s min! If they get tgembat a good price it’s madness not to build more than 5 when we are building them and the cost could get less…. The government seems to wants… Read more »

MSR
Guest
MSR

You don’t know history. The RN has relied on allied support in EVERY major conflict of the past three hundred years. Go look it up.

Anthony D
Guest
Anthony D

Also I think there s long have to play. Escort numbers can be grown relatively quickly but carrier strike takes decades… The force enablers like tankers and the real dreadnought (astute) are coming into place.

Anthony D
Guest
Anthony D

Long game…

Callum
Guest
Callum

Not to question your obviously vast knowledge of history, MSR, but you’re clearly forgetting Trafalgar. You’re also mistaking having allies and relying on your allies for your ability to fight. Example 1: the Royal Navy dominated the German fleet in WWI, but also benefited from additional support from the US; we had allied support Example 2: the Royal Navys Trident missiles are maintained in the US. Keeping the system operational depends on our continued alliance with the Americans; we are reliant on our allies In E1, we could still fight our own fight, in E2 our ability to fight is… Read more »

Bing Chandler
Guest
Bing Chandler

In WW1 we were also assisted by the Japanese taking on RN roles in the Far East freeing up ships for the European theatre, and then sending a squadron to the Med for escort and ASW duties.

captain P Wash.
Guest
captain P Wash.

Oh lol, Love the little Brexit Insertion there.

Pacman27
Guest
Pacman27

Another missed opportunity I am afraid. Perfect opportunity to set fleet numbers and strategy and bring the NSS to life, and support a post Brexit industrial drive. 13 x T26 with enhanced Radar, ASW and missile fit (32 Mk41 strike). 25 x T31’s 13 x Aegir based Joint Amphibious and Logistics Support Ships. 4 Float on – Float off Platforms 10 x Astute successor 4 x Successor 5 x specialist hulls 400+ Enabling hulls and support vessels (atlas, CB90’s, safeboats mk6, PacRhibs, S2S connectors etc.) Spread over 25 years this gives industry confidence and the RN the much needed kit… Read more »

Nicholas
Guest
Nicholas

If only.

Glass Half Full
Guest
Glass Half Full

Not sure its a missed opportunity yet, it may just not be fully/publicly articulated yet which is unsurprising in my view given the likely opposition a fully costed 30 year program would probably elicit? Your outline doesn’t seem too much of a stretch when broken down and compared to what we have today which I think you may have done in the past? Your 13xT26 is basically 8xT26 ASW plus 6xT45 AAW (did you mean 14x?) but having the platforms be both ASW and AAW capable. Seems like T26 platform is positioned to support that after the 8x build? I… Read more »

Stephen
Guest
Stephen

I think 5 Wyvern diesel electric submarines should be the first priority for the Royal Navy when funds become available.

Pacman27
Guest
Pacman27

I am agnostic about the specifics of some of this, and don’t have a preference for nuclear submarines. I just think we need 10 submarines (as a minimum). For me T26 is the UK;s Burke Class and I just think its madness that we spend £1bn building a T45 when a FREMM is 800m Euros. For me I don think it is a better end product and I would have preferred 9 or 10 Fremm (our version of course) than 6 T45’s. We just cannot continue down the highly specialised route anymore. For the 13 aegir based assets these are… Read more »

Glass Half Full
Guest
Glass Half Full

Well to be fair Horizon class is the equivalent to T45 and they seem to be 1-1.5B Euros each so perhaps its fair to say the entire program for all three countries was a disaster cost wise. FREMM came along later and doesn’t have the high performance radars or larger number of VLS cells of the dedicated AAW T45/Horizon platform. I am with you though that the T26 should be the basis for the T45 replacement and it shouldn’t give up ASW capability at the same time. I’ve seen the proposal to reuse the T23 design before but I suspect… Read more »

Pacman27
Guest
Pacman27

I believe the stated cost of a FREMM was 680m Euros. Never seen it priced over the Billion. But even if it was, it has lots of additional capability the T45 doesn’t and although Sampson may be amazing it costs less than £20m so doesn’t impact the cost as much as perhaps people are misled into believing.

Glass Half Full
Guest
Glass Half Full

My 1-1.5B Euros wasn’t for FREMM it was for the Horizon class that France and Italy produced, while the UK did T45, all fundamentally the same design, hence my comment using apple-to-apples comparison. As to radars, its not just Sampson but also the S1850. The FREMMs also have 16x Sylver cells while T45/Horizon have 48x A50 VLS with room for expansion, then there’s gun systems, power plant, displacement etc., it all adds up. I’m not trying to justify T45, just pointing out FREMM vs. T45 isn’t apples-to-apples. There is certainly a question as to whether we need an AAW destroyer… Read more »

Graham
Guest
Graham

The first Type 31 will be replacing a current Type 23, so as much recycling of weapons and sensors as possible (4.5 in, sea ceptor etc). ASM, I would prioritize the Type 26 and Type 45 first, ‘fitted for but not with’ for the Type 31 to keep the price down. The later addition of the Type 26/45 solution, or fitted as needed for the assigned role. ASW is going to be tricky, we need the hulls, but its unlikely that the Type 31 will be built ‘quiet’ enough to be effective ASW hunter. The ability to house an ASW… Read more »

T.S
Guest

I agree, build cheap first batch purely for patrol duties, donated guns radar etc. Then order batch two that has a reasonable asw capability and with more teeth for around £400 million each. But keep both batches, our commonwealth recruits may have filled the gaps by then! I have heard on here before that the Leander may well have decent asw potential with the right bits bolted on. If so, maybe this is the best way to go especially now the option of the arrowhead 140 is gone. Both options will be around the same size, and I would bet… Read more »

Pacman27
Guest
Pacman27

I believe a TLAM costs circa $400k and the launchers are circa $10m for 8 VLS.

So your figures are realistic in my opinion

expat
Guest
expat

It worth keeping in mind that future ASW could be done with unmanned systems, T31 would become the mother ship deploying then waiting rather than towing around sonars. Traditional levels of dampening may not be required.

Nicholas
Guest
Nicholas

A step closer. Good news.

T.S
Guest

Does anyone know the approximate cost to procure a new modern box launched asm such as the Norwegian offering in enough numbers for all our escorts and maybe some to arm other platforms when required. We have to get a modern effective offering on our ships! I just can’t see say 20 sets of box launchers plus 160 missiles to get us started costing that much. Let’s say £1 mill per missile and £10 mill per launcher, that’s £360 million plus fitting and integration costs. One would hope we could and should be able to do it this side of… Read more »

Geoffrey Roach
Guest
Geoffrey Roach

” Government cancels frigate programme” From some of what I’ve just read here you could be forgiven for thinking that was the announcement. Come on guys. Daniele wants ten and so do I. Let’s see what we can do!
Mind you, if Brexit is b….d up in Parliament and it leads to Corbyn and Co. getting in we might all be praying for rowing boats.

Daniele Mandelli
Guest
Daniele Mandelli

Problem is Geoffrey. No matter what sort of deal, good or bad, the government reach, most of Parliament will want to block it. Why else do they want a 2nd vote?

I’d have thought many would have jumped at today’s announcement as it’s a soft brexit. It’s not just brexiteers up in arms it’s all of them.

Democracy well and truly stuffed in this country.

Airborne
Guest
Airborne

Is it just me or does everyone else puke when you hear the MOD say ” to grow our Royal Navy”……aaaaaaaaagh stop it, just stop it, you aren’t growing it, ever, you are just replacing stuff with less effective stuff! Rant over, sorry.

Daniele Mandelli
Guest
Daniele Mandelli

No. Pretty much all of us here.

Steve Taylor
Guest
Steve Taylor

I break out in hives and get a weepy eye.

Geoffrey Roach
Guest
Geoffrey Roach

To pinch a phrase from Airborne…Brexit….aaaaaaaaaaaagh!

David Steeper
Guest

They’re politicians saying it not the RN or civil servants. I always imagine them pulling the same face I do when I hear that phrase.

Steve Taylor
Guest
Steve Taylor

Let’s hope common sense prevails.

David E Flandry
Guest
David E Flandry

“Let’s hope common sense prevails.”

You do realize we’re talking about government? Government and common sense = false.

Steve Taylor
Guest
Steve Taylor

I am past caring really. 🙂

Steve Taylor
Guest
Steve Taylor

I will put T31 into perspective. I have just read somewhere else something that at some level I must have known, that the USN has 6000 (six thousand) launch tubes capable of launching TLAM. And we are hoping that T31 may get a main gun. We need to ask what T31 is for? If as it seems we are committed to the Gulf for the next 2 decades I would build for the Gulf. I would build 3 to make sure we have a realistic budget. I would buy the Leander stretched corvette. If it is meant to serve globally.… Read more »

Martin
Guest
Martin

I agree, I see a need for 5 or 6 t 31 as it has limited use. However given the expense of T45 and T26 we do need it for mid level tasks. Assuming it can handle the heavy sea state it is fine for APT(s) APT(n) is probably better handled by large RFA unit with a LPD or FSS during the hurricane season but T31 would be fine for half the year. That would require 4.5 vessels to fully cover those roles. No doubt the Arrowhead 140 is the better design but looking at how much they cost Denmark… Read more »

Steve Taylor
Guest
Steve Taylor

Absalon’s cost $230 million with hand me down weapons in 2005. That today in pounds is about £320 million. And Arrowhead has twice the machinery and as you say Danes built both Abaslon’s and IH in East European yards. So are we looking at £400 million? £450 million? Let say we build 3 Arrowhead it becomes a bit of an orphan class though it does make up numbers as long as it has SeaCeptor and ASW capability, if not it is an over priced OPV. We would be better building 3 Leander for Gulf use alone. Or as I said… Read more »

Trevor G
Guest
Trevor G

Reading the various comments above, I’m left wondering what are the wartime mission requirements that the Type 31e is supposed to cover, epecially if serious ASW capability is lacking? It seems to me that there is a clear danger of producing a ship which is overspecified for constabulary duties, but which lacks offensive punch against peer/near peer adversaries. We are already on course to have only 8 hulls with serious ASW capability despite even official acceptance that the submarine threat is increasing -even developing countries are now buying advanced SSKs. Given the need for ASW cover for 1 carrier group,… Read more »

John Clark
Guest
John Clark

The problem Trevor is that inbuilt anti submarine capability will push the price point way past £250 million per unit.

We need to add dipping sonar to the wildcat and cheaper towed array options to the T31…

A good all round capability needs to be available, the prospective design needs to be able to slug it out on its own and win through.

Looks like it’s going to be a 4,000 ton design, based on the cost constraints, I think that’s a huge mistake personally, but it’s still possible to build a capable vessel at that tonnage

Martin
Guest
Martin

Or just make it Merlin flight deck and hanger capable and leave it fitted for but not with towed array. The main thing is to ensure they have some form of electric drive system but this could just be in the form of space for large batteries to operate along side the diesel engines if needed in future. This way the ship can be outfitted for ASW work and towed array in future if required. If they are fitted for but not with mk41 launch capability and maintain the same radar and combat system as the T26 then they can… Read more »

Steve
Guest
Steve

To be honest I don’t think it will remain say £250million.

The program will overrun as they all do. But with 250million as the start point at least if it overruns into £350milion or so that’s still about 1/3 the cost of a T26 or T45.

It’ll be a lot of build for but not with to keep costs down, so even if the ships still remain at £250million, the overall cost once weapons etc are added would be more like £350-400million. MoD then expected to purchase the rest itself.

Martin
Guest
Martin

Khareef was delivered for 140 million just a few years ago and it was more heavily armed than T31. Its certainly possible if BAE are not involved and the MOD does not do its normal tinkering.

Dan
Guest
Dan

I seem to recall that BAE made a loss on the Khareef contract, Martin. Whoever gets to build T31 won’t want to repeat that!

Helions
Guest
Helions

There are a lot of heavily armed small combatants out there nowadays. The T31 needs to be well armed IAW its mission. Which I assume is forward presence, patrol, and localized sea control. It NEEDS to be at least as well armed as whatever it meets in its peer class. Even the USN’s LCS are finally getting armament upgrades so they doesn’t get laughed at by most of Asia’s small combatants which are literally armed to the teeth. It IS possible to get a lot of bang for the buck and here’s an example which has always been one of… Read more »

T.S
Guest

Wow, certainly shows what can be fitted into a small ship – 64 vls, 8 Lr asm, 8 Sr asm, 6 torpedo tubes and a CIWS or 76mm gun.
So a Israeli corvette out guns even our biggest and most expensive. Says it all.

The Snowman
Guest
The Snowman

Is that a case of totally different function leading to a different spec? RN ships deploy globally so require more space for fuel, food, stores, crew living quarters, plus have to cope with the North Atlantic, not the eastern Med coast?

Helions
Guest
Helions

The Sa’ar V’s have routinely deployed out of area for exercises and missions. You make a good point about stores but by stretching the hull to say – 300 ft (20ft more) you could solve any storage problems. The vessels have plenty of endurance (4000 nm). These vessels are less corvettes than full short hull frigates. I wish the USN had taken a look at the design for the FFGX. They were pretty cheap too as I recall. You could buy 3 of these for every 1 AB for the price. Best of all from a USN standpoint, they were… Read more »

Andy
Guest
Andy

Think the type 31 should use surplus 4.5 from retired 42/22’s that gives 6 guns to start with and if you look back in history with most classes of RN ships they have always stared off lacking kit or reused old kit from retired vessels. This was always going to be a ship that broke BAE’s hold on the ship building industry hiking up the price for each class £billions for small classes of ships. Even the most sucesful class of ship the Leander class type 12m started life with a gun,sea cat missile, limbo mortars and not much else… Read more »

Albion
Guest
Albion

Fearless class?

T.S
Guest

We have to remember when talking about ‘escorts’ that we are actually dropping from 18 ships capable of defending other vessels down to 14. The T31 will not likely be capable of escorting anything and should be known as the ‘Global Patrol Ship’. I am only happy for these to be lightly armed ships if they have asw quietening and potential for the asw kit to be fitted. Now that we have the carriers to protect, very few T26 will ever be available for independent asw work and we have to have a platform that can fill in. To my… Read more »

Wads
Guest
Wads

A very interesting and quite different view on the utility of the T31e. If you scroll down to the second last paragraph (just before the conclusion). Effectively a cheap Littoral Combat Ship alternative.

https://wavellroom.com/2018/11/15/some-maritime-lessons-from-the-yemen-conflict/?utm_content=buffer8c07b&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer

Steve Taylor
Guest
Steve Taylor

‘carrier strike group’ always troubles me. It disturbs me more when I hear it out of the mouths of service personnel. The QE are large, multiple purpose aviation support ships. If we were operating 60 FJ and fixed wing AEW from a carrier then we would have a strike carrier capability. ‘The potential deployment from T31e of unmanned or autonomous underwater systems for mine clearance could even remove the need for a dedicated MCMV in some situations. ‘ If we had something as large as a torpedo that can sanitise several square miles of sea floor successfully we are probably… Read more »

Paul.P
Guest
Paul.P

Interesting read. Suggests Type 31 is conceived neither as a poor man’s T26 nor a souped up OPV but rather for littoral combat roles.

Steve Taylor
Guest
Steve Taylor

“A Ship’s A Fool To Fight A Fort” – something the USN never took aboard with the littoral combat ship.

There is a reason why the RN got out of the FAC game, the helicopter.

I would say that the coastal submarine would be a better.

Wads
Guest
Wads

If you assume and it is a big IF, the wavellroom.com views are anywhere close to correct, then you are looking at a spec of:- Artisan, Wildcat, Sea Ceptor, 2x30mm, Phalanx and the BAE/Bofors 57mm rather than the Babcock/OtoMelara 75mm and that’s it. The US LCSs would set the precedent.

Helions
Guest
Helions

Needs a LRASM similar to the Kongsberg NSM going on the LCS. All you need is a bolt on launcher and fire control with a sensor tie in.

Cheers!

Paul.P
Guest
Paul.P

In general I would agree with that list. Artisan is meant to be good for cluttered littoral work; the 57mm is also probably better suited against inshore mobile targets than the 4.5in or the Oto 76mm. Wildcat with its Seaspray radar, Sea Martlet and Sea Venom would make for a very large sea control radius; probably over 100 miles. FAC would be toast. I think the idea would be to take the mast off a peer enemy frigate before it gets close enough to launch an AShM. Also I think Sea Martlet has the ability to strike targets up to… Read more »

Stephen
Guest
Stephen

I think Leander will be the chosen design for the Type 31e and they will be built by Cammell Lairds. I think we will get a second batch of 3 for a total of 8, and I think we will have success with it in the export market. I think the 3 solid support ships will be assembled at Rosyth. I think the government will want to be seen to support British industry for once. Also Rosyth will soon be out of work when the carrier work finishes so they need this. Rosyth is more suited to build large ships… Read more »

Simon
Guest
Simon

I think the current government will start promising anything so that the next one looks utterly terrible when it reprioritises and retracts funding.

…such are British politics 🙂

Nigel Collins
Guest
Nigel Collins

Perfect fit for the Gripen E, possibly Typhoon and Type31’s?

“The Swedish Defence Material Administration (FMV) placed a $358.5m order with Saab for the development of RBS 15 Mk4 missiles in March 2017. The missiles will be deployed onboard the Visby-class corvettes of the Royal Swedish Navy and JAS Gripen E multi-role fighters of the Swedish Air Force.”

https://www.naval-technology.com/projects/rbs-15-gungnir-next-generation-anti-ship-missile/

Steve Taylor
Guest
Steve Taylor

I don’t think the MoD are too interested in outfitting Typhoon with an anti-ship missile. Is one destined for F35b?

In the past I wondered about two-seater Typhoon with conformal tanks carrying AShM.

donald_of_tokyo
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donald_of_tokyo

I am concerned about budgets. I think core of the RN future escort fleet is 8 T26. I do agree T31e has its own rationale, but if cut are to come, it shall not be T26 but T31.

I think T31 contract must come AFTER SDSR2020, and better be even after the contract of 5 remaining T26s.

A few frigates would be gapped, but because of man power issue, I think there is ZERO impact to the fleet operation.

Steve Taylor
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Steve Taylor

T31 can’t be done for the budget. Buy 3 of the Leander design for the Gulf. Or buy an additional T26.

T.S
Guest

A Frigate factory: 6 x T26, 6 x T45 replacement, then 3x stretched T26 cruiser if independent operations. 1 every 18 month over 25 years, £750 million per year. Small yard: 10 River class patrol boats, 10 medium T31 with aaw and asw abilities, plus 3 hydrographic ships based on T31. 1 per year, average cost £300 million per year: Large yard: 2 LPD, 2LPH, 6 tankers, 4 FSS, 2 artic vessels, 8 adaptable multi purpose/ amphib ships. 1 per year, average spend £500 million per year. Submarine yard: 10 astute replacement, 4 Boomers, 6 -8 smaller subs for training… Read more »

Pacman27
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Pacman27

That is the model I have been working on for over 3 years and I do this type of stuff for a living with global companies. The MOD is misleading the public on what it is spending money on. The MOD is making the mistakes of an organisation stuck in the past, without the required completion to make it evolve, nothing new here, look at our tanks and warships at the start of WW2 and how they were a long way off the pace. Same applies today Time to give the forces an equipment budget: Navy £3.5bn, RAF £5bn, Army… Read more »

Steve Taylor
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Steve Taylor

What always amazes me is there always some missing ‘X factor’ that they can’t quite explain why one platform is the preference to another when the choice is between 3 near identical platforms already in service in peer forces around the world. That’s what got me with FRES. The market is awash with 8×8’s, 6×6’s, and 4×4’s yet they couldn’t just pick one. I came to the conclusion that all the money for the VIP’s is in the ‘buggering about phase’ and the longer they keep it going the more money they make. Now it isn’t a lot of money… Read more »

Martin
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Martin

Land forces Budget excluding equipment and pensions is £7 billion RAF is £3 and navy £2 then there is about £18 billion a year for equipment purchase and maintainance.

Your Budget is only achievable with a significant further reduction in land forces.

Steve Taylor
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Steve Taylor

Half of the Army’s operational budget goes to aviation. Boots vs Rotars.

Pacman27
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Pacman27

I think you need to do the budget differently, as I just dont believe we are spending £18bn per annum on equipment.

Essentially the split is £15bn on People, £12bn on Equipment and £10-15bn on maintenance and support (why £10-15bn – depends which figures you use).

It really should be any more difficult than that and that’s how many successful organisations work out how to get funds to where they are needed.

Steve Taylor
Guest
Steve Taylor

I do agree with your orbat choices, but I agree wholeheartedly that the cheapest way for us to maintain the navy was to continually build ships. New Labour’s disruption of submarine production was an act of treason; one wonders if submarines were built on the Clyde and not in Barrow would this have happened?

Steve Taylor
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Steve Taylor

dom’t agree

Martin
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Martin

Sorry Steve but that’s nonsense. New Labour never gaped submarine production, it was the Tory’s in the 1990’s with one of the last act’s of the Major government being to purchase Astute a move Labour continued to support and then Osborne in 2010.

Helions
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Helions
Helions
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Helions
Gunbuster
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Gunbuster

What is the fixation with a towed array by some posters? You don’t need a tail on a GP Frigate. They are good on a dedicated Sub hunter in open water but in say the Gulf a tail is of little value as the water is not deep enough and the water environmental’s are very poor. Keep it simple and get a S2050 or equivalent active set. T22 had it and T23 have it and believe me its a bloody good active set with optional extras available for mine warning capability amongst other things.. Paired with a Wildcat that is… Read more »

Steve Taylor
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Steve Taylor

I blame the RN suddenly deciding that Type 23’s come into variants, ASW (with 2087) and GP (sans 2087). That all our ‘moden’ escorts have been ‘general purpose’ since the first Type 12(M) entered the oggin seems to have past the MoD(N) by. That’s why refuse to call Type 45 an ‘escort’. Type 42 with 2050 did really well at ASW. The discussions get sillier when comparisons are made with say Burke’s. Yes, T23 are quieter than Burke, but that doesn’t make the Burke a poor ASW platform, it is just T23 is very, very quiet. Then that Chinese submarine… Read more »

Glass Half Full
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Glass Half Full

I don’t think towed array is a fixation, more of a desire to have something that can be more than just a GP frigate, with more flexibility to address a much more sophisticated threat than has existed in the past and in greater numbers in the form of AIP. Seems like Captas 1 or 2 exist for this purpose/price point especially with the flexibility for containerized deployment? The Gulf seems to be an extremely special case to use as an example against use of a tail, there are plenty of other places in the world with potentially higher levels of… Read more »

Steve Taylor
Guest
Steve Taylor

The Arabian Gulf has an average depth deeper than the South China Sea. Littorals are tricky for all manner of reasons. TAS does appear to be a fixation with the collective here. As I said all escorts are GP, or in the case of T45 should be. That is have some AAW, ASW, ASuW, and EW capability. I don’t think there is a need to cover the fifth domain……. A T23 has a first rate ASW if it has 2087 (though it could be argued that is propulsion design makes it a fist rate ASW. It could be argue that… Read more »

Trevor G
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Trevor G

One of your points there re a/s missile is why the RN never went for ASROC.
I remember Ikara as the nearest equivalent but that was dropped.
T26 will have the launchers so in theory it is an option again. Any views?

Gunbuster
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Gunbuster

By that definition a T22 without a tail was a second rate frigate. Exocet, SeaWolf, CRW guns and two lynx helos. VL seawolf extended the engagement range (but not by much) but during shoots on both T22 and T23s it was a very good system that for the most part hit what it was shot at.I say for the most part because a peacetime shoot is a very controlled evolution and you dont let the system go Auto/Auto. You control the target profile and engagement criteria to get the most data from the shoot for analysis. Missiles cost 250k ish… Read more »

Steve Taylor
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Steve Taylor

None of that is a revelation to me.

You were having problem with TAS. I just carried the conversation on.

The deciding factor should be, does the platform carry a system that has an area effect?

Ron
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Ron

I have been reading the comments and some of them are really interesting, especially those from Pacman. I agree that the MoD and in general needs to do more and to sort this mess out. To do that they must clarify what it is they want to achieve and why. To achieve this I think the government needs to ask two questions which strangely enough if they have any logic will lead to one basic question. Should I start with the two questions or the basic one? Lets start with the two as this is where I started, 1. What… Read more »

Simon
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Simon

The Leander design is growing on me, however the 2 features I would like to see is a bigger missile bay at the front that blends in with the superstructure. I think that might allow for strike length as well? And I would like to see a stern deck big enough to deploy at least a Pacific 24 ideally a lcvp or at least be able to load an lcvp. I am hoping that the sonar can come across from type 23. For me the wildcat needs enhancement in asw. Other than that it looks ok although still would like… Read more »

Dan
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Dan

I suspect that Leander is now the favourite with the RN, because there is a clear differentiation between it and the Type 26 in capabilities. The Arrowhead 140 is closer in size and displacement to the T26, and if it could be built for anywhere near the £250m budget (a big ‘if’), there is a danger that the government will decide that we can simply build those instead of the rest of the T26 hulls.