The question of whether the British armed forces should have some sort of statutory and official representative body, somewhat akin to the Police Federation, comes up regularly in debate on military matters.

This article was submitted by Stuart Crawford, a regular officer in the Royal Tank Regiment for twenty years, retiring in the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 1999. Crawford now works as a political, media, and defence and security consultant in Edinburgh and is a regular commentator and contributor on military and defence topics in online and other media, including the UK Defence Journal.

*This article has been updated after West Dunbartonshire MP Martin Docherty-Hughes renewed calls for an armed forces representative body after it was revealed the lowest paid armed forces personnel are paid almost £2 less than the UK government’s National Minimum Wage.*

Its most recent iteration in the UK came with the introduction of Martin Docherty-Hughes MP’s Armed Forces Representative Body Bill, introduced under the Ten Minute Rule, which had its first reading in the House of Commons in June 2018.

This topic has proved to be a thorny one over the years and has split opinion both within and outwith the Services. There has been much huffing and puffing from the leather armchairs of the old and bold, many of whom seem to see it as a direct challenge to good military discipline and the integrity of the chain of command. One former Chief of the Defence Staff, Field Marshall Lord Inge, even went so far as to ask whether “armed forces which have federations and unions have ever won” during an earlier debate in 2006.

Others point to the British Armed Forces Federation (BAFF), the self-styled “unofficial, independent, all-ranks staff association” for UK armed forces personnel, or to the various service charities, all of which do good work in the face of the Government and MoD’s unwillingness or inability to get to grips with looking after our service personnel properly. But they have no statutory basis and are all too easily ignored if deemed “off message” for any reason. Indeed, the BAFF appears to have no full time staff nor a regional network.

Perhaps rather than subscribing to the knee-jerk reactions from the usual subjects which has characterized much of the comment that the bill has provoked to date we should look a little closer at what it proposes? First and most importantly of all, it does not propose the establishment of an armed forces trade union.

Whilst regular service personnel are permitted by Queen’s Regulations to join civilian trade unions or professional associations in order to enhance their trade skills and professional knowledge, and as an aid to resettlement, armed forces personnel are specifically excluded from the definition of “workers” for the purposes of British trade union legislation. A body set up to represent such personnel cannot, therefore, register as a trade union under the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992, or at least until the Act is suitably amended.

Nor is there any suggestion whatsoever that the armed services should be given the power to go on strike, which most informed commentators would see as incompatible with military ethos and service; the same rule applies to the Police Federation, for example. But a body which might represent service men in women on such issues as housing and accommodation, conditions of service, pay and pensions, and after service employment and care to name but a few, might have some utility, no?

A quick look at what other countries have done. In Australia, the Defence Force Welfare Association (founded 1959) and Defence Reserves Association (founded 1969) represent Australian personnel and are recognized by the Chain of Command of the Australian Defence Force.

The USA boasts a plethora of military representative organisations, including the Association of the United States Army (founded 1950) and the Military Officers Association of America (founded 1929) amongst others. Closer to home, the Irish have three representative organisations, all founded in 1991, catering for officers, non commissioned officers, and reserves respectively.

All of these differ in varying ways, but there are a number of strands which seem common to all. Firstly, they tend to be completely apolitical, although some lobby governments on defence and military issues; second, they tend to concentrate in the main on welfare issues – housing, conditions of service, post service health and employment sand so on; and finally they seem to have the confidence and support of their respective chains of command.

I cannot for the life of me see what there is not to like. Senior ex-military scaremongers in the UK may talk anecdotally of troops from other armies downing tools because they haven’t been paid and holding soldiers’ meetings to decide whether to obey orders, but it doesn’t happen with our police, firefighters, doctors and nurses so why should it happen in our armed forces? Going on strike is just not what we do.

In any case, we are arguably already part way down the road. The nominally independent Armed Forces Pay Review Body and the Services Complaints Ombudsman – the latter post introduced one suspects through gritted teeth by the MoD in 2016 – seem to provide some of the facilities that a representative body might offer. But, as I have written before, successive governments and the MoD still seem content to palm veterans’ care off to the charitable sector, and input from those serving into other welfare matters is ad hoc at best.

Martin Docherty-Hughes’ bill, therefore, is a timely return to the fray on this particular issue, and seeks to take up from where Kevan Jones MP’s Private Members Bill stalled some 10 years previously. When all is said and done, service men and women are employees and deserve the same representation as other employees enjoy, subject to the constraints already noted.

A British armed forces representative body might also, coincidentally, help ‘normalise‘ military service in the eyes of the public, and possibly persuade those teetering on the edge of applying to join to do so, safer in the knowledge that they are joining an institution that is at least trying to keep up with the times.

Given the armed forces current parlous state of recruitment they need all the help they can get.

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Stuart Crawford
Stuart Crawford was a regular officer in the Royal Tank Regiment for twenty years, retiring in the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 1999. Crawford attended both the British and US staff colleges and undertook a Defence Fellowship at Glasgow University. He now works as a political, defence and security consultant and is a regular commentator on military and defence topics in print, broadcast and online media.
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Personally I do not think that there should be a forces federation or in other words a union. It will cause issues in discipline. However there could be a different way to push issues forward into the public domain. At the moment there are the official military monthly publications. These are always positive but never speak about fears, worries, conditions, equipment availability. For politicians it proves that everything is OK. A simple example would be how many of the men and women buy kit that they needed, I know I did when I was serving in uniform. Then have a… Read more »

Harry Bulpit

Wouldn’t happen. The generals and such don’t want any negative image especially in regards to kit. Will piss of the politicians or companys that provide it. Severely damaging their prospect of a nice job after the military. It shouldn’t just be for service personnel but family to. On my dads first few deployment my mother got fuck all support from anyone behind the unit which itself had no support. No one listened to the complaints

Steve Taylor

I know that appointing a ‘Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chiefs of Staff Committee’ has gone down like a lead balloon on a planet with exceptionally heavy gravity.


I think that it is a great idea. Why should all the strings be pulled from the top. It might well improve recruitment and a sense empowerment to a rather voiceless community.


“I know that appointing a ‘Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chiefs of Staff Committee’ has gone down like a lead balloon…”. Let’s look at the ‘links’ between “enlisted” personnel and the Chiefs of Staff. I don’t like the term ‘enlisted’ when referring to UK services. It’s a US/NATO (in other words US) term. Don’t really like ‘other ranks’ either, preferring “non-commissioned”. Anyway, each Service now has its own Senior Warrant Officer, supposedly reporting directly to a Head of Service. Take the example of CASWO in the RAF, who “advises the Chief of the Air Staff on matters concerning airmen and… Read more »

Andy P

You raise some good points Crabfat, from experience the Warrant Officers (and CPO’s) are generally far enough removed from the scrotes for them not to interact enough for genuine feedback. They’re also part of the ‘chain’. The percentage of officers is surprisingly high too (about 20%) and and you point out,they may well have different issues. I typed out a bit of a diatribe of things that highlighted some of the problems with the disconnect between the guys at the bottom of the heap and those further up the chain but I’ve binned it, it would just be seen as… Read more »

Steve Taylor

The buzz is Haughton is very much Nick Carter’s man and he is frightfully on message. Some weren’t happy that he had already been commissioned. I suppose you could argue for the role to be impactful you need somebody who understand the other side as it were. But as has been pointed out you don’t get to WO1 without being competent and a deep understanding of how the system works.


Actually nothing wrong with having a representative body for a workforce, it keeps people in positions of responsibility honest. Having someone who represents a workforce and can check that HR processes etc are being done properly and within the law is important. Stops people in power abusing their position/make something go away that that they don’t like etc and ensures people don’t feel disenfranchised and leave.

Considering the forces are suffering a bit of a retention issue it needs to be closely looked at.


This is only a bad idea if you believe that senior management never make mistakes and always have the interests of their staff at the forefront of their thinking (as much as possible anyway in the military).

I’m yet to hear of any organisation anywhere ever that achieves that standard. So an organisation who can speak truth unto ceasar when they fail to meet those standards is likely to be a very good thing.


MOD or Ministry of denial? Whatever the solution it seems treasonous for the egos of politicians, top brass or corperations to take precedence over the kit needed & lives of our servicemen.
If kit is unreliable, dangerous, inneffective etc, the MOD must be urgently held to account to effect changes needed ASAP.

Martin P Healy

I served with the Irish Defence Forces pre representative era 1981 to 1991 and post representative to 2013 and in my experience it certainly improved many things not only the pay, but changing the attitude to Bullying, sexual harassment, improvement to better education military and civilian.
PDORRA ( NCOS and Private’s) that represented my comrades and I gave us a voice and rights and didn’t affect our military discipline. It can only benefit and improve all branches UK Forces.

Andy P

I’ve been keen on a Forces Federation for years, as stated, not as some rival to the chain of command but to flag up problems and support the individuals who serve. They might be good to make the government face up to their responsibility to veterans, especially those who have been injured in service. Its to the nation’s shame that wounded servicemen/women have to be looked after by charities. Certainly in the Navy, there have been times when some branches have felt aggrieved across a number of different platforms but its swept under the carpet on a local level. The… Read more »