China’s President, Xi Jinping, has signed a new regulation on the supervision of military training for the People’s Liberation Army. The first of its kind in the country. The move will see inspectors deployed to oversee training and the establishment of a new regulation system.

This article was submitted to the UK Defence Journal by EJ Ward. EJ Ward is an experienced journalist covering international politics and breaking news in the UK. EJ has spent years covering China for a variety of broadcasters and publications and is currently based in London.

President Xi has undertaken a campaign of military reform since taking office, including purges of high-level generals who were selling military titles, and reforming military command structures.

Xi has also reduced the size of the army, which now accounts for less than 50 per cent of the total number of PLA troops. In January Xinhuia, the Chinese state news agency said that almost half of non-combatant units had been made redundant, and the number of officers in the PLA had been reduced by 30 per cent.

With the largest military in the world, two million strong, China is now seeking to fall into line with other nations by rectifying “practices that are inconsistent with the requirements of actual combat”, accord to the PLA Daily.

The regulation will also set out criteria for dealing with malpractice and violations of discipline during military training. With an increase in peacekeeping operations

The Director of the US Defense Intelligence Agency has previously said that the PLA is changing from a “defensive, inflexible ground-based force charged with domestic and peripheral security responsibilities to a joint, highly agile, expeditionary, and power-projecting arm of Chinese foreign policy”.

In 2018 China raised their defence budget by more than 8%, to $175 billion, more than twice that of the UK.

Lieutenant General Robert P. Ashley, Jr. the Director of the US Defense Intelligence Agency has previously said that the growth of China’s military would at times run counter to US interests, “As China continues to grow in strength and confidence, our nation’s leaders will face a China insistent on having a greater voice in global interactions, which at times may be antithetical to U.S. interests”.

Adm. Philip Davidson, the US Pacific Commander has said that China presents “the greatest long-term threat to a free and open Indo-Pacific region,” and that China was seeking to create a new international order led by China and with Chinese characteristics.

The Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, Sen. James Inhofe, has, said that the US military needs “urgent change at a significant scale” to deal with China.

On Monday, the United States sailed two guided-missile destroyers, the USS Spruance and the USS Preble close to disputed islands in the South China Sea as part of freedom of navigation operations.

Meanwhile, the world’s two largest economies are mid-trade war, as they attempt to come to a deal ahead of a March 1st deadline.

If a deal is not reached Washington is set to increase tariffs from 10% to 25% on more than $200 billion worth of Chinese imports.

0 0 vote
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

All is fine, put your head in the sand people, we don’t need defence! Welfare is much more important besides I was told these cuts have made the forces more ‘streamlined’ so that must be a good thing right! We are definitely not back in a cold war but against 2 major powers instead of 1, its all fine, India with its space programme needs development money, don’t worry about the disappearing ships and squadrons and amalgamated regiments or disappearing commands, its fine!

Nigel Collins

Slash the defence budget even further, fill in the potholes, increase the foreign aid budget, increase the welfare budget, and above all, don’t panic!!!


It is true China has the biggest full time Army, however, much as Russia discovered during the early parts of WW2 without clear leadership, direction and empowerment they are next to useless in a peer vs peer conflict. As the recent border skirmish in Northern India has shown even with overwhelming odds they were defeated by a handful of border guards. I think this is why the are going down this route to “modernise” their armed forces, they are now willing to join in UN policing as this gives them up to date experience, but more importantly when working with… Read more »


On the PLA: The PLA is first and foremost a Army tasked with assisting the MSS with internal security. Their dispositions reflect that. The “redundant” forces outlined by President XI are meant to maintain order far from Beijing. What has long been a dilemma for the PLA are these 1. Are the forces far from the Capital reliable? 2. Can they be brought up to any kind of modernization and training standards? ( assuming they are reliable) 3. If they are not reliable how to get rid of them? They have tried several times, with reform always being stymied for… Read more »


Im stating that the West isn’t exactly stepping up to its traditional task of protecting the freedoms of countries(although there have been contradictions). Most countries recognise the threats that exist from China, Russia, I suppose Korea as well but we are not putting the money where our (politicians) mouth is, there are major threats out there that we are not fully addressing, very soon, very soon the US Navy will be second with the exception of Aircraft Carriers and it won’t be long until the PLA have global reach as well, don’t be surprised if we see Chinese Squadrons in… Read more »


Spot on.


They will not touch Bhutan or Vietnam. Taiwan is a different matter completely. The army is loyal to the regime until something goes seriously wrong. the reason they’re (rightly) focusing so much on the PLAN is that will be the frontline against the USN. In my opinion the USN stands no chance in the SCS, outnumbered and to far from home, Japan needs to increase its navy massively in conjunction with US to stand a chance


PLAN projected strength v USN is not the reality as when you take the navies of Japan, S Korea, Taiwan, Austrailia etc into account, then the future PLAN is still evenly matched at best. I do find it alarming what PRC has become in terms of power projection capability & the nature of the regime in reality rather than the properganda. Creating artificial island military bases in the hotly disputed SCS & bullying anyone in the area bodes very poorly & may be a first step in a larger neo-colonial plan leveraged by economic power & worldwide infrastructure tenticles. Putting… Read more »


J You obviously haven’t been paying attention for the past few decades. China went to war with India once already and has threatened pressed the Bhutan-India-Chinese border on numerous occasions since. The opportunity to patch up relations between Delhi and Beijing was flushed down the toilet by Xi and pushed Indian further into the arms of Russia and the US while causing a massive increase in India’s defense spending. On Vietnam? The Chinese are after the SCS which includes Vietnamese waters. They also desperately need access to the Mekong delta countries of which Vietnam and Thailand are the key players,… Read more »


Sooner or later there will be a confrontation with the US, either by proxy (ala vietnam) or directly.

The US is exerting its power into the South Asia region, and China sees this as a threat (which if you take a step back, for better or worse, it is exactly that) and China sooner or later will push back.

I am not sure we really should be putting our head into the fire, especially not if it involves a lightly escorted carrier (due to lack of escorts) packed with US jets.

John Clark

I think the US has a genuine deep fear of China, mainly because it’s the superpower in the making while ( like all empires throughout history) the USA is on the gradual slide into mediocrity to join the rest of us. Nothing wrong with that, it’s just part of the natural social economic cycle of things, a cycle that moves a lot faster in these modern times. We also went through the same process, as we sensibility withdrew from our empire and cut out cloth according to our diminished world status post WW2. The reality of worldwide global trade is… Read more »


Does America fear China? No, it does not. Fear implies doubt as to the outcome. The only thing it fears is how many body bags will be filled in Asia. Victory for the US would be the outcome of nearly every scenario. The only way China would manage tie is if they used nukes and that would be mutual suicide though far more disproportionately in terms of casualties for them. Though America would win any war with China, the number of dead even in a conventional war due to the bombing of infrastructure and therefore the ability for a modern… Read more »

John Clark

Elliott, Does America fear China, it most certainly does! Don’t think in terms of military capability, the real fear comes from China’s absolute superiority in soft power, quietly investing in the world and gaining substantial and increasing influence. This is an area the US has shot itself in the foot with over the past 20 years, with an international reputation and world influence, sadly, greatly reduced by failed destabilising military interventions. This is the real super power strategy of the 21st Century. I think it’s a great shame the US dosent wake up and smell the coffee, I sincerely hope… Read more »


On China’s soft power. Do you even realize how much their neighbors HATE them? On their investments? Guess what America invests even more n foreign countries than they do. As for China’s success in their “Belt and Road Initiative” countries are starting to refuse money while some are threatening to nationalize Chinese investments rather than default or renegotiate. On the world reputation of the United States? No matter what we do or don’t do we are criticized by the media, pseudo intellectuals, and our often allies in name only. This has been true since the Founding. No one cares not… Read more »

John Clark

I won’t get into an argument Elliott, I stand by my comments and appreciate your point of view. I certainly wouldn’t back our own government here, both the Conservatives and Labour have let us down very badly indeed, piss poor quite frankly! Trump’s actions today are another dangerous turn in US events as he tries to bend the law to suit himself… Thank god Congress, the legal system (and the wise forward thinking founding fathers, carfully considered checks and balances) can keep individuals like him on the leash. Much more of this sort of toys out of the pram hissy… Read more »


I question whether they would actually go to war opposing China, especially when you consider the relative economies in the region (outside Japan) and the huge debt the US would struggle to fund if China pulled the plug. China needs the west for sure, but less than 20% of its exports are from the US and so it could easily isolate them economically without even firing a bullet and move more exports to other regions. The days of the US laying down the law and ignoring everyone else’s opinons are closing. Which is why they want us out of the… Read more »


“The days of the US laying down the law and ignoring everyone else’s opinons are closing.” – You really do not understand us do you? We simply don’t CARE what other people think never have and never will. Any attempt to force us to would en shall we say badly to say the least. “I question whether they would actually go to war opposing China, especially when you consider the relative economies in the region (outside Japan) and the huge debt the US would struggle to fund if China pulled the plug.”-Please study finance most of the US debt is… Read more »


Some valid point some mid judged. Food and drug quality controls in the US are below Europe especially around drug testing rules and whilst I agree a lot is banned as protectionism, the US can’t complain about that, it’s far from a free market that it pretends to be. Things like injecting cows with steroids are considered dangerous to health in the EU. On the debt front, it depends on which stats you read, any thing from 8-30% is directly/indirectly owned by China, and yes you could not pay it in a war situation, but equally every war results in… Read more »


On US drug tests? That would be why we invent all the new pills and treatments. As for steroids in meat? This isn’t the 80s anymore that is actually vey tightly regulated. As for our actions in Asia? We have never gone where we were not invited in. Even Vietnam wants us back vs the Chinese. On a neutral viewpoint? Neutrality is impossible you can only have varying degrees hostility to one or the other. You can have thee kinds of neighbors 1. different and possibly hostile 2. different and probably hostile 3. different and definitely hostile. Note they are… Read more »

P tattersall

Correct somebody for once the USA doesn’t have any debts .. It’s all bullshit and lies about usa debts .


‘In 2018 China raised their defence budget by more than 8%, to $175 billion, more than twice that of the UK.’

Yeah, and they have more than four/five times the assets for their money on ships and air power. And when you compare the British army and Chinese PLA it’s not even funny.

Why do we get so little for how much we pay? It’s not just China, every comparison I see, even with nations with literally the same budget such as France, we have fewer assets than they do.


Training. That simple. Plus a little of bombing countries with aircraft that cost more than their GDP doesn’t help.


Hopefully we will never come to blows with the Chinese, but if we do, it will be an almost entirely one-sided bloodbath, with the Reds coming out the losers. They simply do not have the combat experience in actual fighting or logistics that the US and its allies have maintained and learned from almost non-stop since the end of the Korean War. Plus, they seem to keep forgetting about India ( direct US ally which depends enormously on the US economy), Vietnam (both of which have a great deal of recent and consistent combat experiences), and the rest of their… Read more »

P tattersall

They make the worst tools on the planet all stuff from China is crap .


They said the same thing about the Japanese before WW2 before the reality killed many allies. The PRC hypersonic ASMs could be the modern equivellent of WW2 Japanese Long Lance torpedoes. Besides which there’s always their nuclear weapons.

John Clark

Bit of a sweeping generalisation there Mr Tattersall! Years ago Chinese made stuff was absolute junk, no question. Today, China has thousands of engineering factories filled with CNC machines, Lazer cutters, measuring machines etc and can produce perfectly good quality products. A CNC machine set up correctly and working with quality materials will produce a quality product, if it’s in Birmingham or Beijing. I’ve bought Chinese Aluminium one piece scope mounts for my rifle in the past, well made and finished, with no issues whatsoever and they cost me £25! For that to be a full retail price, taking into… Read more »

S. Yip

You should have a closer look at the latest military equipment that the PLA is being issued, as well as what is being exported from China.

Saying that everything made in China is rubbish is ridiculous and it seems like sour grapes to me.

Trying to compare a £1 plastic action figure or a Dollar store toolkit, to a state of the art £800 million DDG or a £50 million stealth fighter, just because they all happened to be made in China is absurd.

P tattersall

John Clark maybe so but they don’t know how to use them? 2019 and china still.can’t make a decent screw or drill everything the comes out of China is terrible quality it’s ok for pound shops and cheap a d nasty BQ tools

Simon Yip

I notice with interest some of the comments, and I’ve noticed a deep vein of arrogance and ignorance in some people’s view of the world. ‘They make the worst stuff on the planet, all stuff made in China is crap’. Not according to the recent official US Department of Defense and the USN Office of Intelligence reports (as well as several others), that state that ‘China is now able to design, develop and build world class military hardware’ (or words to that effect). ‘The reds will come out the losers, they simply do not have the combat experience in actual… Read more »