The Lockheed Martin-led JSTARS Recap team intend to provide the US Air Force a superior platform to the current JSTARS, do you recognise the aircraft?
The aircraft is heavily based on the work undertaken to develop Sentinel but just as it appears the RAF have got something right, the MoD are forcing one of the aircraft into retirement as announced earlier in the year.
A written question asked by Wayne David, MP for Caerphilly read:
“To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, when he plans for the number of Sentinel surveillance aircraft in service to be reduced.”
The question was answered by Harriett Baldwin, Under Secretary of State for Defence Procurement:
“The original service date for the Sentinel fleet has been extended from 2018 to 2021. This will be achieved by careful fleet management practices, including the removal of one Sentinel from front line service with effect from 1 April 2017.”
Sentinel is a unique capability in Europe but one of the aircraft is being cut in order to save money. Earlier concerns centred around plans that the fleet would leave service entirely next year but a push to extend the service of the aircraft to 2021 seems to have been successful.
Lockheed Martin will serve as the lead systems integrator and will bring a robust suite of battle management, command and control (BMC2) services; Bombardier will provide a proven, affordable business jet; Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC) will perform modifications to the Global 6000 aircraft; and Raytheon will bring to the team their experience with ground surveillance and battle management systems and JSTARS communications.
Does this look familiar to you? It should, it mirrors the UK Sentinel programme.
The Sentinel is an airborne battlefield and ground surveillance aircraft based on the Bombardier Global Express ultra long range business jet and serves a role similar to JSTARS with the RAF, the jet was adapted by Raytheon to meet the RAF’s requirements.
Sentinel was originally known as the ASTOR (Airborne STand-Off Radar) programme. In 2014, Prime Minister David Cameron announced the retention of the aircraft in the face of their expected retirement due to budget cuts.
According to a press release:
“The Lockheed Martin Skunk Works JSTARS Recap team recently expanded its depth with the addition of SNC, bringing greater value to the U.S. Air Force. SNC, which previously qualified as a prime contractor candidate for the program, will perform modifications to Bombardier’s Global 6000 aircraft, and will help obtain the necessary airworthiness certifications from the FAA and Air Force.
This strategic partnership further enhances the powerful industry team and drives additional cost, schedule and performance efficiencies for the Air Force.
Lockheed Martin was competitively selected to execute a Pre-Engineering and Manufacturing Development contract. During this program, the team helped the government assess existing subsystem technical maturity, reduce weapon system engineering and integration risk, and reduce life cycle cost. The team successfully accomplished a Preliminary Design Review and conducted prototype demonstration and simulation activities. As a result, the Lockheed Martin-led JSTARS Recap team is positioned to win follow-on development and production contracts to affordably deliver critical combat capability to the warfighter.”
Bombardier said in a statement to the press:
“Bombardier will provide its ultra-long-range Global business jet platform, which is less expensive to operate than modern airliners and is uniquely suited to the JSTARS Recap mission by allowing the on-board radar to see further and deeper into valleys and survey the battlespace for extended periods of time without refueling.
The Global 6000 business jet:
- Size: 94-ft wingspan, 99,500-lb take off gross weight, 13 passengers (standard configuration)
- Low Operating and Support Cost: (unmodified aircraft) $3,500/hr (OEM maintenance programs)
- Performance: (unmodified aircraft) 6,000 NM range at M 0.85, 51,000 ft max operating altitude
- Proven track record: The Global 6000 currently flies in the Air Force inventory as the E-11A, providing a vital battlefield airborne communications node. It also operates with the United Kingdom’s Royal Air Force, the German Luftwaffe and the Federal Aviation Administration.
Lockheed Martin submitted two proposals, one proposal includes Raytheon’s state-of-the-art Active Electronically Scanned Array, long-range, ground surveillance radar. The second includes a powerful radar developed by Northrop Grumman Mission Systems.